Five Types of Thai Vegetables

Thai vegetables are a staple of Asian kitchens and restaurants around the world. These seasonal stir-fry creations typically consist of mixed vegetables seasoned with soy sauce, oyster sauce and sugar for flavor.

These recipes are super quick and a great way to incorporate fresh veggies into your diet! For an even faster boost of protein, add some meat!

Water Spinach

Water spinach is a leafy green vegetable commonly used in Thai cuisine. It belongs to the Convolvulaceae family, which also includes morning glory and Swiss chard.

The leaves of this species vary in shape from arrow-shaped to lanceolate with prominent veining and are crisp and tender. They may be light to dark green, while their stems can range in hue from green to white.

Water spinach, also known as swamp spinach, river spinach, morning glory or Chinese water spinach is an attractive Asian plant with the scientific name Ipomoea aquatica and various names such as rau muong in Vietnamese, kangkong in the Philippines or pak boong in Indonesia.

It’s an incredibly nutrient-rich green leafy vegetable that pregnant women must consume regularly. Additionally, it provides folic acid – essential for fetal development – which is essential during this stage.

Water spinach can be enjoyed raw or cooked and added to salads. It’s also often consumed in juice form, which further boosts its nutrient content.

Furthermore, it has numerous benefits for your skin and hair. Packed full of vitamins A, C, and lutein – all known to promote healthy, radiant skin.

It’s also an excellent source of iron, essential for blood health and combatting anemia. Additionally, it contains antioxidants which have been scientifically proven to shield your cells against free radical damage and even cancer development.

Wing Beans

Wing beans are a sweet, tender variety with a flavor similar to peas or asparagus. They can be cooked in soups or stir-fried, as well as eaten raw or blanched. Wing beans are often featured in Thai cuisine.

These lime green legumes are grown throughout Southeast Asia and Papua New Guinea, and can be purchased in the market during late spring to early fall.

Wing beans not only taste divine, but they have numerous health benefits as well. Packed full of proteins for muscle formation and regeneration, tryptophan reduces headache and migraine pain, magnesium helps regulate breathing – essential for those suffering from chronic asthma.

This plant also has anti-cancer properties due to its flavonoids and phenolic compounds that have been linked to reduced oxidative stress. Furthermore, it’s an excellent source of vitamin C which may prevent skin problems like wrinkles or fine lines.

Winged beans are an excellent source of fiber and potassium. Eating them regularly may help protect against cardiovascular diseases as well as obesity.

Another advantage of these beans is their capacity to strengthen the immune system. They contain high amounts of antioxidants and folate, both of which have been known to protect against various cancers.

Wing beans are an excellent source of calcium, which helps strengthen bones and teeth – particularly important for pregnant women as it can prevent osteoporosis. Furthermore, these legumes contain iron which aids in muscle building.

Ivy Gourd

The ivy gourd, also known as scarlet gourd or kowai fruit, is a tropical vine that can grow up to 28 meters in length. It features ivy-shaped leaves and red 1-3 inch fruits growing from its roots. Unfortunately, this vine has become highly invasive and is listed as a state noxious weed by the state of Hawaii.

This plant boasts numerous health benefits, such as high levels of antioxidants, fiber, iron and B vitamins. It’s often used in Thai cuisine as a vegetable.

This fruit is an excellent source of vitamin B2 and water-soluble vitamins like thiamine, essential for maintaining energy levels. Furthermore, it contains numerous minerals and nutrients which could potentially aid with metabolism regulation.

Ivy gourd contains anti-oxidants that help combat free radicals and protect against ageing, illness, and cancers. Not only that, but it may also improve heart health and shield against certain cancers as well.

In Ayurvedic medicine, ivy gourd is often used to treat diabetes and maintain blood sugar levels. Additionally, its leaves and stems can be used in making herbal medicines.

One of the most beloved ivy gourd recipes is a hearty soup that features vegetables as its primary component. This straightforward yet delectable meal can be served with either rice or rotis.

Ivy gourd is an excellent source of fiber and can help regulate blood sugar levels. It also contains potassium which aids with constipation while stabilizing blood pressure. Plus, it’s packed with B vitamins and iron that may reduce fatigue or headaches.


Cha-Om, a subspecies of Acacia pennata, is often featured in Thai dishes as an ingredient. It can be used to flavor soups, curries and omelets.

Raw or cooked, these leaves can be enjoyed raw; however, due to their strong aroma, it’s usually cooked before consumption. They can also be added into salads, curries and soups, stir-fried in oil or boiled for added flavor and convenience.

This vegetable is native to South and Southeast Asia. It grows as a climbing shrub with dark green leaves and thorny stems.

Thailand uses the feathery shoots of cha-om in soups, curries and omelets. Additionally, this plant produces seasonal small yellow flowers.

Plumping is the practice of picking shoots before they become tough and thorny, known as plucking. This herb pairs well with other herbs for added flavor and nutrition.

Not only is broccoli delicious, but it also boasts numerous health advantages. It is high in vitamin A and C, has anti-inflammatory properties, and aids digestion.

If you’re searching for a nutritious and delectable dinner, Kaeng Som Cha-Om Khai is the perfect choice. This sour soup contains high amounts of vitamins and minerals from ingredients like tamarind paste, palm sugar, fish sauce, and Cha-Om leaves – making it a must-try for any Thai food enthusiast! Plus it’s simple to make so you can get your daily dose of antioxidants!


Mushrooms are a staple in Thai cuisine, adding an extra layer of flavor and variety to dishes. They can be used as stir-fry add-ins or to soak up dressings like soy sauce, making them versatile enough for any meal. Furthermore, mushrooms make excellent filling ingredients for dumplings and stir-ins for fried rice.

Mushroom cultivation is highly successful in Thailand, particularly Koh Samui Island due to their contaminant-resistant qualities and ability to fruit rapidly and colonize quickly. This makes them easy to cultivate as they produce thick and potent mycelium that’s easy to harvest.

Magic mushrooms are an entheogenic fungus, meaning they produce psychedelic effects when consumed. Although the exact effects may differ between individuals, magic mushrooms offer the chance to explore new and unique experiences.

Magic mushrooms can have a strong psychedelic effect that could prove hazardous if not taken responsibly. Because they can cause dysphoria and anxiety, it’s essential to know how your body responds before trying them for yourself.

It is essential to remember that mushrooms can be considered a drug, just like alcohol or any other kind of substance. Therefore, they should not be taken simultaneously with any other drugs and it’s best to take them gradually.

If you’re thinking of trying magic mushrooms in Thailand, make sure you are with trusted individuals in a secure and comfortable setting. This is especially critical if attending the full moon party on Koh Phangan as large crowds and excessive alcohol could make for an unpleasant experience.

Sweet Potato

Sweet potatoes are an integral component of Thai cuisines and often featured as the star ingredient in soups or side dishes. This is due to their abundant vitamins, minerals and antioxidants which aid in keeping your body healthy.

Sweet potatoes are packed with nutrients, but they’re also good for digestion and may reduce your risk of diabetes. Their soluble fiber aids digestion by soothing constipation and bloating, while being low in fat with resistant starch that lowers the glycemic index of any meals cooked with them.

Knott notes that a medium-sized sweet potato provides over one third of your daily manganese needs, 15% copper and 12% potassium. These essential nutrients support skin, bone and heart health as well as helping to regulate blood pressure and keep cholesterol under control.

Finally, sweet potatoes are packed with age-defying antioxidants and help combat inflammation. Unchecked inflammation has been linked to various chronic health problems like cancer and heart disease; the antioxidants found in sweet potatoes–particularly carotenoids and anthocyanins–slow down aging processes to keep you sharper and healthier for longer.